Borobudur and Prambanan Temples

The famous Buddhist temple, dating from the 8th and 9th centuries, is located in central Java near present day Yogyakarta It was built from nearly two million stone blocks of andesite, a bluish-gray volcanic stone, and is shaped like a stepped pyramid, the base of which is 402 feet long from north to south and 383 feet long from east to west; the height is now 95 feet above ground level. The colossal monument consists of six rectangular terraces topped by three concentric circular terraces and, at the top, a monumental stupa. The walls and balustrades are decorated with low reliefs, covering a total surface area of 2,500 sq. m. Around the circular platforms are 72 openwork stupas, each containing a statue of the Buddha. The monument was restored with UNESCO's help in the 1970s.

Prambanan, named after the village, is the largest Hindu temple complex in Java. There are 224 temples in the complex; three of them, the main temples are Brahma Temple in the north, Vishnu Temple in the south, and the biggest among the three which lies between Brahma and Vishnu temples is Shiva Temple (47 meters high). Unfortunately due to its construction and local seismic activity it is no longer to enter the three main temples and most major restoration worked has stopped.