According to legend, the name Krumlov is derived from the German "Krumme Aue", which may be translated as "crooked meadow". The name comes from the natural topography of the town, specifically from the tightly crooked meander of the Vltava river. The word "Český" simply means Czech, or Bohemian (actually one and the same), as opposed to Moravian or Silesian. In Latin documents it was called Crumlovia or Crumlovium. The town was first mentioned in documents from 1253, where Krumlov was called Chrumbonowe.
To awaken quite alone in a strange town is one of the pleasantest sensations in the world. You are surrounded by adventure. You have no idea of what is in store for you, but you will, if you are wise and know the art of travel, let yourself go on the stream of the unknown and accept whatever comes in the spirit in which the gods may offer it.Freya Stark
The town is extremely popular as can be seen by the vast hordes of daytime visitors. Its Old Town is a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site, a maze of twisting alleys built around the extensive Cesky Krumlov castle. Thankfully the town escaped major destruction during WWII.
Chateau Český Krumlov
The original Gothic castle was founded by the Lords of Krumlov sometime before 1250. When the Lords of Krumlov died out in 1302, their relatives the Rosenbergs inherited the castle. The Rosenbergs family had their seat there until 1602.
The Castle Theatre was built in 1680-82 under Prince Johann Christian I von Eggenberg and renovated with up-to-date stage equipment under Josef Adam zu Schwarzenberg from 1765–66. It is one of few such court theaters to retain its original stage machinery, scenery, and props.
The Vltava is the longest river within the Czech Republic, running north across Bohemia, through Český Krumlov, České Budějovice, and Prague, before finally merging with the Elbe.
The river offers many choices for a trip on the water whether on a boat, raft, or kayak. Maleček Rafting and Canoe will drive you and your boat to Piskarna, where you will start your 3-4 hour trip. From there, you will go down six weirs (dams). Your final stop is near Krumlov Brewery, in the center of town. What could be better than some South Bohemian beer after a day on the water?